science

Aphids are a group of insects that suck the sap of plants. do You know that their stools are sweet?

Many processes in nature take place in amazing ways. Like all of these processes, it depends on other processes. These processes are designed to maintain the balance of nature. This story is about such a strange process that unites the animal world and the plant world.

Aphids are a group of insects that suck the sap of plants. You probably know that their stools are sweet. It’s a bit weird, but it’s not the only weird story about aphids!
Who are these aphids?

According to taxonomy, the aphids belong to the genus Insecta of the genus Insecta in the Kingdom of Animalia. This genus belongs to the genus of sucking insects. Examples include the bug, the stink beetle, and the weevil.

Aphids are people who pierce plants and suck their sap. There are about 4000 species of aphids in the world. They differ from one another in the type of plants that suck the sap. That means there are about 250 species of aphids that come to the crop, such as apple aphids, cabbage aphids, and aphids on corn roots.

Aphid-seeking plant sap is found in the plume tubes inside the plant. This sap is the most valuable resource for plants. From the leaf cells to the roots, the phloem tubes run. The starch produced in the leaves is converted into sucrose (sugar) and transported to storage areas along the phloem. Some plant juices contain more sugar than a liter of soft drink we drink. Because photosynthesis continues to produce starch and pump it into sugar. The word “pumping” is used here because the epidermal cells in the plant leaves actually act like a pump. The pressure produced by those cells is enormous. This pressure is called the “zero pressure”. Plants typically produce a pressure of about 600 kilopascals. There are also plants that can grow up to 2,000 kilopascals. That’s about 9 times the air pressure inside a typical tire we use.

Aphids have a flexible tip. Using it, the aphid can make its way through the cells in the plant wall to the sugar transport system. Then you don’t even have to drink that juice. Because it’s under a lot of pressure neh. So the aphid only has to open one of his valves. The pressure simply pushes the juice down his esophagus.

Resistance of plants to sucking sap

Plants also have natural defenses to protect the sugars produced by plants. Some leaves and stems have thick-walled walls, some have a hollowed-out surface, and some have been shown to have a sticky, waxy liquid-like effect when perforated. Also, the sap of many plants provides this protection.

When an insect pierces a plant and sucks the sap, the sap collides with the insect’s cells. The amount of water in the insect’s cells is greater than the amount of water in the juice. Because most of the juice contains sugar. So the water begins to move in the direction of the concentrated sugar. This is what is known in science as “insanity”. In this way, the sap flows along the path toward the plant. As the insect continues to suck the sap, the plant absorbs the water from the insect’s body. Eventually the insect dries up and dies.
sucrose molecule

But most aphids have a separate plan against this. They have an enzyme in their digestive tract called sucrose. This is not sucrose, sucrose. That enzyme takes two molecules of sucrose and makes one fructose molecule and three units of sucrose (two units of a normal sucrose molecule). Fructose energy is produced using only the fructose molecule. Only the three-unit sucrose molecule remains. This means that instead of the previous two sucrose molecules, there is now one sucrose molecule. This means that the total number of sucrose molecules is less than two. Decreasing sucrose molecules means decreasing sucrose concentration. If the concentration is low, the aphids’ ability to absorb water from the aphid’s body will also decrease. This allows the aphid to suck the juice for several days at a time.
Amazing things about aphids

The breeding ground of the aphid species Greenpeach is slightly different. In autumn, the female lays her eggs by mating with a female aphid and a male aphid. Then, in the spring of the year, the eggs hatch and hatch. But all those who come are females. They also do not lay eggs when they mature. Instead, they breed like them. The thing is, when these babies are born, another baby is inside them. This means that the females that hatch from the eggs produce progeny. Then that last puppy is first inside his grandmother’s body. Scientists call this breeding of animals “telescopic growth.” Just as the telescope can be shortened and stretched one on top of the other, there is one animal inside this animal and another animal inside that animal.

Surprisingly, two generations of such pregnant pups come out of the eggs and live inside the female at the same time. So there is nothing to talk about breeding! As a result, by the end of one season, 20 generations of aphids have been created.

There is a separate story about aphid feces. Once every two hours, these little aphids excrete an amount of feces that is about the same weight as their entire body. Why, then, counting the days in a row while sucking plant sap. So a huge amount of their feces must have accumulated compared to the breed we talked about earlier. In fact, hundreds of kilos of aphids collect in an acre of farmland. But luckily these are sweet. This is because they do not contain the same contaminants as other animal feces. Chemically, they contain plant sap. Really aphid stool colorless honey. These are called “honeydews”.

Buyers of aphids

Aphid excrement can be called their “product.” There are many parties that benefit from this product. Some of these ants are species. They live entirely on aphid-infested honey. They find an aphid and stay close to it. The leper’s abdomen tightens as he waits. The aphids then excrete feces or honey into the ants. This process is similar to the way ants “milk”. The ants eat that honey.

There is a reason why aphids like this work. That is, the swarm of ants protects them from aphid predators. If a predator approaches the leopard, the swarm of ants activates and attacks the beast. Often beetles such as ladybugs, wasps, wasps, etc. are predators of aphids. Some species of ants even destroy the eggs of predatory enemies of aphids. That’s how developed their bond is.

In addition to providing protection from predators, some species of ants also protect some aphids in certain climatic conditions.

Aphid excrement can be called their “product.” There are many parties that benefit from this product. Some of these ants are species. They live entirely on aphid-infested honey. They find an aphid and stay close to it. The leper’s abdomen tightens as he waits. The aphids then excrete feces or honey into the ants. This process is similar to the way ants “milk”. The ants eat that honey.

There is a reason why aphids like this work. That is, the swarm of ants protects them from aphid predators. If a predator approaches the leopard, the swarm of ants activates and attacks the beast. Often beetles such as ladybugs, wasps, wasps, etc. are predators of aphids. Some species of ants even destroy the eggs of predatory enemies of aphids. That’s how developed their bond is.

In addition to providing protection from predators, some species of ants also protect some aphids in certain climatic conditions.

Especially in the winter in foreign countries some ants lay their eggs in places with good temperature and humidity. When the climate returns to normal or spring arrives, the eggs are brought back to the host plant. When the plant withers, the ants become active and form aphids on a much healthier plant. We find this kind of ant that helps to the maximum in maize cultivation. The “Lacey” ant species in maize protects the aphids associated with the maize root with maximum interaction as mentioned above.

In the past, Native Americans cultivated certain grasses for aphids to obtain nectar. The nectar that aphids emit throughout the summer takes on a liquid nature due to the morning dew. But during the day, the water evaporates and condenses. At the end of the summer, people cut down the grass and let it dry in the sun. They are then crushed to separate the crystalline sugars attached to them. Then they shape them into different shapes and make cakes and other sweets. Sometimes they heat them up and use them for cooking. It is said that people in West America still use aphid-producing honey.

Some bees make their hives only from aphid honey. This honey is consumed by many people. That is to say, the aphids’ honey has indirectly become a human food.

However, aphids are not a crop-friendly animal. These absorb nutrients from plants, weakening the plant. The aphids’ aphids also help to stop the fruiting and flowering. The nectar production of aphids also causes other fungal diseases of plants. The fungus activates sugars on the leaves to create black spots. Also, aphids’ perforation of the leaves causes the plant to secrete calcium. In such cases white glitter can be seen on the leaves. Therefore, aphid control in the crops we consume is very important. But cultivating grass like the Native Americans and getting honey can yield successful results!

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