Iceland is a country in northern Europe with a very cold climate. ව. Km. M. Spread over an area of about 103,000, the state has a population of approximately 364,000. As a result, Iceland is one of the least populous countries in the world. Iceland’s declining population is largely due to its natural topography.
Iceland is a country of volcanoes, sand dunes, hot springs, lava deposits, and glaciers. The four most famous glaciers in Iceland are the Vatnayokul, the Myrdelsyokul, the Lanyokul, and the Snefelsyokul. Vatnaocul is considered to be the largest glacier in Iceland.
About 2,500 years old, Vatnaocul is considered the largest glacier not only in Iceland but also in Europe. ව. Km. M. Covering an area of 8,100 km2, this vast glacier covers nearly 8% of Iceland’s total land area. The average thickness of the ice on this glacier is about 400 meters, with a maximum thickness of 1000 meters.
In 2008, Schaftafell, Yokulsargljufer and several other nature reserves were merged into the Vatnokul National Park to form a large national park. The national park covers about 13% of the country’s total land area. In 2019, it was designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO due to its importance in Vatnacol National Park.
In 1934, the lake region of the Vatnacol Glacier erupted. Therefore, research was carried out on this glacier. In 1996, 1998, 2004, and 2011 there were eruptions along the lake area. Since the inception of the Icelandic Glacier Science Association in 1950, research on this glacier has been conducted every year.
Below the Watnocol Glacier are seven active volcanoes. Among them are Gramswarten, Bardarbunga, and Quarkfjol. Occasional eruptions of these volcanoes cause glaciers to melt and flood. One such eruption in 1362, associated with the Watnocol Glacier, caused a great deal of flooding. Also in 1727 such a great flood situation was created. On both occasions major property damage occurred.
There are about 30 other small glaciers in the Watnocol Glacier. The largest of these glaciers is the Bridemarkurjokul Glacier. Havanadalshnakur, considered to be the highest peak in Iceland, is also located within the Vatnayokul Glacier. In addition, the Yokulsarlan Lagoon is one of the scenic spots located inside the Vatnokul Glacier.
The Yokulsarlan Glacier Lagoon is fed by the Bridemarkurjokul, the largest glacier in the Vatnokul. At 284 meters deep, Glacier Lagoon is the deepest reservoir in Iceland. The water of Yokulsarlan, a beautiful glacial lagoon, is brighter than any other lagoon. Due to the beauty of the lagoon, four films were shot here. These are four Hollywood movies: A View to a Kill, Die Another Day, Lara Croft: Tomb Raider, and Batman Begins. The filming of the TV series Amazing Race also took place here.
The face of a stamp issued in 1991 also included the Jacuzzarlan Lagoon. The beauty of this glacier lagoon attracts a large number of tourists. Tourists visiting the lagoon can also have a good time here.
How the Diamond Beach is formed
Hඩhre and H හොfn, on the southeastern coast of Iceland, are bordered by the Bridermerkursandur. As a result of volcanic eruptions, the sand on the coast has turned black. The Yokulsarlan Glacier Lagoon is located off the coast of Bridemarkursandur. The Breidermarkurjokul Glacier, which feeds the lagoon, is being washed ashore by large pieces of ice that are being washed ashore by Breidermarkursandur.
Large chunks of ice float on the beautiful black sand of Bridemark Mursandur beach. Iceland generally has a cold climate, so ice cubes do not melt easily. As a result, the icebergs that have accumulated on the shores of Breederkursandur remain intact. This beach is called the “Diamond Beach” because of the ice cubes attached to the black sand beach.
Best time to visit Diamond Beach
Diamond beach from the capital Reykjavik. M. It is located at a distance of about 378 km. That distance can be covered in 4 hours and 30 minutes by a private vehicle. But the train journey takes about 6 hours and 30 minutes. The beauty of the Diamond Beach attracts a large number of local and foreign tourists.
Diamond Beach can be visited at any time of the year. But with the onset of winter in Iceland, daylight is scarce. Also the environment is very cold. Therefore, tourists who visit Diamond Beach in winter have to face challenging situations. When summer arrives in Iceland, there is a long day. Then the ambient temperature gets between 8-14 Celsius. Therefore, tourists who come here in the summer can spend the day happily engaging in various beach activities. Tourists visiting the Diamond Beach in the morning and evening can watch the sunrise and sunset. It is a beautiful sight so it is a common sight to see tourists flocking to Diamond Beach in the morning and evening.
Yamanthi beach has a beauty that is unique to it. Diamond Beach is one of the most popular beaches in the world. Today, the beach is one of the fascinadoras destinations in the map of the tourist of the world.